Tag Archives: iraq

The return of jimmy carter

George w bush narowly defeated vice president al gore. His first year was tumultuous.  Following attacks on the twin towers, the pentagon and a thawted third attack, the us waged a war on terror. He invaded Afghanistan.  Using the war on terror as a pretext he invaded iraq and overthrew sadem housane.  The war in iraq although scesfull at first went sour and so did the popurity of the president. 

With the unpopularity of the war, the democraric party hopped to capitalize on it. The problem was manny of the up and comers voted for the use of force against iraq. Many wanted someone who had stood against the war in iraq from the beginning. 

In his book,”dude wheres my country”,micheal more sugested running oprah winfrey against w. Winfrey had no interest in runing.  While more kept trying to get Oprah to run. He qietly looked for an alternative.  A friend of his sugested a name that blew his mind.  More lived the idea.  He seemed to be someone who fit the bill. 

More started a movement to draft a man who once had served as president. Jimmy carter served as president from 1977 to 1981. Carter lost to ronald reagen. Carter had focused his post presidency on humiterian and diplomatic work.he had been called a great x president.  

Carter was reluctant to run. Draft carter movement grew in populerity. Former national secuity advisor zivignew brasinski joined the bandwagon. Even henry kissenger joined the fray. Al gore said he should run.

Carter feared it might hurt his legacy. A legacy he worked so hard to build up folowering the defeat in 1980. If he lost he would lose his effectiveness as a global satesman and demicratic party elder. The dnc started urging him to run. 

On april 17, 2003, jimmy carter declared that he was indeed runing for president.  Former vermont governor Howard deen droped out. He endorsed carter. Bill clinton endorsed carter. Clinton pledged the clinton machine to his disposal. 

Dnc chair terry mcalife tried to clear the field . senator john kery wanted to run. He was angery at carter. The demicratic party did not want a masive primary fight.  Kery tried to get the number two slot but the president did not want to tie his hands.

In his book, the triumphent return,  carter said that he had already decided on a short list of vp before he entered.  He wanted either new mexico governor bill richardson, x indiana rep lee hamilton, new Hampshire senator jeen shaheen or wasington senator marea cantwell. He was leening towards richardson.

Kerry who considered by gore in 2000. Manny democrats were mad that kerry voted for the Iraq war. Carter did not want to pick someone who voted for iraq war. He did not want to alienate thr howard deen wing of the party. He feared deen or someone like him might go third party and bush might win by default.

Kerry suspected that carter might just be toying with a run. Kerry thought if he pushed carter, he might drop out.the party tried to qietly convince kerry not to enter the race. Kerry tried to hoped for sec of sate. Carter said that he would consider him for sec of sate. 

In a private meeting, kerry assured kerry that he was running. He asdured him that he was in it to win it. Kerry decided to anounce that he was not running. Kerry knew that he was probably never going to be president.   

Kerry went into a slump. He felt like the legs were kicked out from under him. Kerry beleved he could have gotten the nomination. He believed that even with iraq hqnging around his neck, he could still have won. Kerry knew he was not going to be vp.  The best he could hope for was posibly a cabinent post . 

Senator john Edwards was called bi clinton number two. He had been considered a serious contender. Carter got the endirsement of former governor jim hunt and curent governor mike easly. Edwards hoped for runing mate but he had been eliminated from consideration. Edwards decided to not run for president. Carter promised to do everything he could to get Edwards relected to thr senate.

Dick gaphardt,former house minority leader wanted to run. He had formed an exploratory comitee. He moved closer to runing even as carter got in. Gaphardt decided not to run against carter. He droped out. 

Joe Lieberman had unseated moderate to liberal republican lowel weiker in 1988. He had been an obscure senator. He comdemed bill clinton for his actions but denonced inoeachment. Gore chose him as a runing mate hoping to distence himself from the clinton scandle. Liberman refused to denounce the war in iraq. His platform was fightibg the war on terror better. On April 29th he formerly anounced hid canadacy.

Carter opponents for the nomination were liberman, former congreswomen and ambassador to new zealand carole mosley braun congressman dennis kucinich, and former alasca senator mikr graval. Liberman was careful in his attacks on carter.  He confined it to policy. Carter pushed Liberman to the right. Carter looked like a responsible centrist. A pro carter pac ran an add comparing Liberman with w. The add labeled liberman diet bush. 

While carter feared opposition within the democratic party, the nostly token opposition banefited him. The debates made him look presidential. He looked like a centrist.  President bush apearently told carl rove that “his goose was cooked.” 

Carter won iowa, new Hampshire and was able to wrap up the nomination in record time. By April he had enough deligates to sicure the nomination. He could focus on the general election. 

Carter worked to gain control of the democratic party apparatus.  Carter assembled an elete campagn staff. His v.p canidates tried out on sunday shows and cable tv.

Pols in may of 2004 showed carter with a 60-40 lead over president bush.  No one thought that would hold. Carter aides said that pold would tighten. The war in Iraq continued to sour.  Republican started to fear a landslide defeat for the president.  They also feared it could adversly affect the downticket.  

Some in the republican party qietly looked at replqcing bush on the ticket. There was some presue for him to bow out. Some hoped w might sack dick chaney. Many urged him to offer the vice presidential slot to colin powel. Powel was considering endorsing carter. He had made it clear he would probably not serve as secretary of sate in the second term. Bush made it clear that chaney would be his ruining mate not matter what. 

Brent  scowcroft the former national secuity advisor to george h.w bush endorsed carter. Henry kisinger endorsed carter and along with zibignew brasinki chared the foregn policy arm of the campagn. X new jersy governor tom keen who chared the 911 commission endorsed carter. Christine tod Whitman who had served as e.p.a admibistrator to president george w bush endorsed carter. She headed up carter’s efort to attract miderate and disaffected republican and independents. 

Republican party elders and doners looked into a replacement for the president.  Names like senate mojority leader bill frist, newt gungrich, dan qayle,rudy gulianie, condiliza rice or john Mccain.  Someonr even sugested revruting the elder george bush to run. It was decifed to let bush run. A carter victory would only be a minor setback.  Carter would not be eligible to run in 2008. If bush lost the party could go though a rebuild process.

Senator linkon chafe of road island switched parties to independent.  The republican mojority of 52 seats was ruduced to 51. Senator chuck hagel of nebrasca endorsed carter but continued to caucuses with the republicsns. Ohio governor bob taft endorsed carter.  Taft pledged to do all he could to deliver ohio for carter.

Bush saw his grasp on power sliping away. He was desprate for a way to change the naririve. He made a suprise visit to bagdad. He met with the interem government.  On the same day Iranian president hotamie made a suprise visit to  pyongyang .he met with kim jong ill in what was dubed the kiss seen round the world. Bush”s visit was not even an after thought.  While the visit between the two leaders was a photo op with no agrements it looked bad. New york times front page headline said the axis strikes back. 

During the summer, former president ronald reagen died. This brought attention to the reagen carter election of 1980. While bush was catefull not to politicize the funeral the contrast between the carter and Reagan presidentcy were made. Bush was benefiting indirectly from all of the attention made to the 40th president.

A plane was flying in restricted airspace. The capital and surpreme court building was put on lock down. F-15 were dispatched.  The plane refused to turn back and did not respond. The plane was schot down. There were no survors. As it turns out the plane was transporting kyintucky governor eaenie fkecher to dc for the reagen furneral.  The plane malfunctioned.  The bush administration looked like they had an itchy trigger finger. 

Of course conspiracy theories abounded.  An imqury chared by mitch mcconnel and paul e patten determined that because there was no radio contact while ill advised it was a resonible response. It was publicity president bush did not want.

Carter had rulled out Washington senator marea cantwell. He wanted to consider a female canidate. Jeen shaheen of new hampshire was elected to the senate after the use of force resolution against Iraq was passed. She defeated republican senator bob smith in the 02 midterms.  

He added denis kukinich to hos list of vp nominies and dick gaphardt. Top ades urged him not to pick either. Both were eliminated from considerations. Marcy kaptur of Ohio was vetted but eliminated from consideration.  The short list was whittled down to four.  

This was lee Hamilton of indiana, tenisee governor phil bredeson, Jeen shaheen or bill richardson. Sources have said that richardson was his dream canidate from day one of his decision to run.  

Richardson was hispanic. He had been a congresman. As a congresman he worked as a back chanel and an as hawk representative for president clinton. He had been nominated three times for a nobel peace prize.  He served as un ambassador and then served as energy secretary.  Despite a black mark on his record during an enugy crises, he had redemed himself by becoming a popular governor in new mecico.

If carter won the presidentcy in 04, and was viewed as sucesfull richardson would be a shoe in for the democraric nominstion. This could be a demicratic readuregence not seen sense the time of franklin roosivelt. 

richardson was not void of controversy.  There had been scandals over the years. Nothing too savere.  As enurgy secretary, vermont demictatic senator pat lahy said in a hearing that richardson would never get confirmed to any opounted posistion. There was fears that lahy words might become an add. 

Bredeson was risky. He was not well known outside of tenisee. He was new as governor. It seemed like a regonal ticket. Bredeson did not bring much to the ticket. 

Shaheen might help him in the northeast.  He was leeding in new england except for maine first congressional district and new hampshire. Most believed carter would dominate the north east if not sweep it especialy new england. 

Lee Hamilton looked like a satesman. A catter hamilton ticket would look like adults in the room contrasting the two cowboys in bush and chaney. He was pushed to pick hamilton. Carter incisted on richardson. 

Richardson was reluctent to accept. He was in hie first term as governor. He was pushed by democraric party insiders. He accepted. His pic created buzz. 

The 2004 democratic platform was to work with alies and made the world safe and us respected.  The slogin was safe at home,respected around the world. Carter advocated focusing on targering terorist commandand control and curbing there capibilities.he wanted to focis on terorist groups. He would work tp streghen iraqi home government as he called it.

The convention included democrats and republicans who endorsed carter. Dr. Kisinger gave a key note explaning why we need jimmy carter in the white house. Richardson spoke of minority building the future of the us. It was a hopefull convention. 

Carter curbed much talk of the stolen 2000 election. He said ,that is sosteptember 10th. Carter much to chagrin of some let liberman adress the convention.  Liberman gave a passionate defense of carter and democratic party view of foregn policy. 

Carter led bush after the convention 70 percent to his twenty.  The republican convention was held in September.  The republican attempted a morning again in America convention. It was heldin new york city.  They tried to lunk reagen to bush. This led to an angry response from ron Reagan jr. Aganst the wishes of nancy reagen, ron jr went on any network that would have him advocating for carter.

Bush got the bump he hoped for. After the convention bush and carter were tied . bush tried to look presidential.

The relect bush team try a no drama w strategy.  Bush was photographed being president. Bush tried to potrsy hinself as hard working for the American people.

Carter tried to look like a satesman.he also focused in on his work for habitat for humanity. He reached out to younger voters who were babies or not aluve during his administration.  

Adds criticizing his administration failed. Bush looked meen. He looked petty. Bush changed his strategy. He tried to look calm and resonible. Carter advocated a patcent bill of rights.  Bush convinced speaker livingston and leader frist to pass it. He signed it neutralizing it as a campagn issue. 

The first debate carter was calm, cool and collected.  Bush was on the defensive. Most agree carter won. Richardson performance against fick chany was viwed as lackluster.  Carter is considered to have won the second debate. Bush canceled the third debate and did forums with just him and perspective voters.

On election day, most believed carter had it in the bag. Early in the night carter swept new england and the nottheast. He won georgia, tenisee Alabama.  

Bush took florida, Texas, Oklahoma,  lousiana, Virginia, west va, Indiana. Carter took north Carolina.  Carter swept the west coast.  He took won predictable west coast states like Washington,  oregon and California.  He also wom Nevada,  and Colorado. Bush won the plane states. Carter took michigan, Wisconsin,  pensivania and Iowa with little difficulty.  He won ohio. 

In the end he swept the west and east coast. He made inroads in the south. He did well in the mid west.  He was declared the 44th president at one am.  It was prery clear erlier that he had won.

President bush promised a smouth transistion. He dispatched vp chaney, defense sectratery rumsfeld and condaleza rice to brief carter personaly the next day. Bush asked president elect carter to apount a liasion who would be an emded with bush whitehouse who would act as his reprsentive. He chose former senator chuck robb for that job.

Bush and carter worked closely on the transistion. Bush wrote in his post presidential book that he despiritly wanted a second term but once he lost he was eager to return to private life. 

Could carter have a sucesfull second term? Time would tell.

Notes

I know i will take flack for Ohio gov taft endorsement.taft barly wo. Relection and was unpopular.  His endorsement would stil be a huge deal.

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Pm bush part six

  George w bush won another mandate. He planed to push his agenda. He wanted to privitize social insurance,increase drilling in anwar,drilling off alabama. An aid said the right is about to strike back.
  Bush anounced a new cabinet. This cabinet incuded condaliza rice as foreign minister. He promited his environment minister micheal levit to health minister.
His homeland security minister bernared kerik the former new york police commisionor was forced to resign after evidence that he lied about shares he owned of tazer international . As homeland min,he would be negiociting contracts with the firm. This was a clear conflict of interest. Kerek was kicked out of the cacus. He decided to leave the house. He later went to jail for interfering with the veting process.
He was replaced by former cival servent turned judge micheal certef. Certef was one of the more contraversal members of the cabinet. The bush mandate was critisized for its human rights violation.
  The agenda got side tracked. Tery shivo was a women in a coma. Her husband wanted to pull the plug. Her perents incisted that she was stil alive. This was a private case. Bush was convinced by aides,his brother and others urged him to act. He delayed tabiling his social insurance reform and suported a private members bill nick named terrys law. Tery did die. The evidence later sugested she was in a vegitative sate.
When bush was ready to introduce his social insurance reform,the situation in iraq got worse. He delayed the bill again.
The insurance reform bill was finally tabled. The bill did pass. It was seen as a power grab by an imperial prime minister. The opisistian stage a walk out on the house chamber. The tories aproval ratings fell to an historic low. It only got worse. 
Several back banchers ended up resigning in disgrace. Some had ties to jack abramov a tory contributor who himself ended up serving in a federal prison. Others had unrealated coruption charges. This led to the liberals caling the conservitive government a culture of coruption.
Then in the fall of 2005, a huricane called katrina struck new orlions. The government failed to stop the leavys from flooding or to lead a meaningfull evacuation.  People were let back into the city before the crisis was over.
  Bush did not tour the city but visited from the air. At a telivised fund rasing event,rapper kenye west said “prime minister bush does not care about black people ‘”
Iraq became more and more unstable. It looked like cival war was in the heriizon. The liberals already declared that the war was lost.
Then torry back bencher mark folley was forced to resign over a scandial about abuse with a parlimentry paige.
The tories lost several provincial election. The liberal took ohio,new york,mascicutas,and kyintucky.
While pm bush decided to begin a new program on iraq. He decided to send more trops in what was called a trop surge. He replaced the commander of the iraq operation with general david patraus. Defense minister Rumsfeld resigned as defense minister.
He apointed non mp robert gates as minister of defense.publically bush made it out to be deputy pm chaney’s idea to bring in bob gates. In reality chaney was very angery with the decision to replace Rumsfeld. Chany himself almost quit. Chaney who had been bush’s seccond in command was basically out of the loop.
Apearently chaney considered trying to have bush sacked as party leader but chaney had no real suport to lead the party.
A memo on enchanced interogation was leaked. There was aslo aligations that pm bush was trying to interfere in to federal investigation. Several top justice department lawers complaned about presure to persue cases of voter frauid by liberal and green canidates. Justice minister al gongalis fell on his sword and resigned. Bush put another non mp in the cabinent. This time retired judge micheal muchasey.
In 2007 housing market colapsed. The next year a recesion hit. Pm bush decided to stimulate the economy by giving rebate checks. The hope was that the american people would spend the mony on big ticket items. Bush was very unpopular.
He was hoping that the conservitives could keep power. He anounced he would leave office in the fall of 2008. While he stayed out of the leadership confrence,sources said he favered john mccain because of his stance on the war on terror. He was afraid of former Arkansas pm mike Huckabee. Masscusas x premer romney was his second chioce.
As soon as mcain became leader of the tories,he negociated a transistion. Dick chaney was his liasion. On november 20th,pm bush left number ten alaganey street and became a private citizen.
Bush kept a low profile after leaving office. He did not coment on pm mccain or pm obama. He took up painting. He also wrote a memour and a book on his farther.
In 2012,his oficial potrait was unveiled at parliment. Bush had tried not to be political.
Mccain called an election in january and the conservitives were swept from power. Berak obama a back bancher in the ilinois provincial assambly shocked everyone by beating senator Hillary clinton wife of x pm Clinton.  Obama Champaigned on hope and change. McCain looked stiff. Mcain resigned as party leader and was replaced by dick chaney. Mit romney took over but the tories lost again in 2012. The next election will probably occur in 2016 0r 17.

Pm bush part five

George bush led the tories to the first government sense his farther led the tories in the 1990s. His first year saw a difficult learning curve. The party became somewhat unpopular. Liberals became emboldened.
Then a series of terorist attacks on september 11,2001 transformed the prime minister’s aganda witch had been domestic agenda into a foregn policy government .
The post 911 boom for the government was short lived. A war in iraq hurt bush at his chances of another conservitive mandate.
It also put the liberal in a bind. The liberals believed that america was esentialy a center left nation. Bush like reagon tried to cater to the more right of center. They believed that the right would over reach. They could run on the economy and a government that does not catter to the richest one percent with unpaid for tax cuts.
After 911,the grits decided to suport the government in there move to combat terorism. Leader of the opisitian joe liberman asured American that we are one country and must come together.
Then pm bush decided to expand the war on terror to iraq. Liberman alowed his caucus to vote as they saw fit. Former vermont premer Howard deen vioced his oposistian to the war. He based his run for the leadership of the liberal on opisiatian to the war.
  Joe liberman had become very unpopular as leader. He was eliminated at the leadership confrence fairly early. While deen was seen as a contender he was forced to call it quit after the third round of voting.
It came down to senator john kery a former veterin of the viet nahm and trial lawer turned senator john edwards. Kerry got the leadership node.
Kerry was elected in a bi election wining the seat of john tirney. Kerry adopted a fighting the war better then the tories. He did not back a deen plan of leaving iraq. Kerry did deen in his shadow cabinent as national defense critic.
While nothing seamed to work in iraq. The insurgency seamed to be intensifying. Defense minister Rumsfeld ofered to resign but bush refused to acept it.
Bush campaign was based on a return to patrotism. It also included emphises on social isues. He apealed to people of faith. He tried to maintain a center right coilition.
He got some problems. Minister of defense colin powel anounced he would not be runing for relection. Powel was not happy with the direction of the government.
Tom ridge who an unelected cabinet minister opted not to run for election . As a former pensivania premer,ridge could have been elected quite esily. Ridge felt like the odd man out. Pm bush usually sided with deputy pm chaney and defense minister Rumsfeld over powel and ridge. He lost health minister tomy tompson who waa unhappy at getting the health portpholio.
Bush convinced his national security advisor condiliza rice to run for powel’s seat. He made it clear that if rice failed to win election to the house of comons,he would have her in his cabinent any ways.
  The pm decided to call an election in january. On January fith 2005,He asked governor general clint Eastwood to disolve parliment. The other parties cried fowel. They said he should not hold an election in the middle of winter.
The liberal had a slight edge. A lot of media pundeta believed john kerry would be the next prime minster.
The party never came up with a firm platform on iraq. The various faction did not fully come together. While deen did suport kery there was clearly a rift between the two men.
While kerry tried to run on his record as a veteran. He commanded a swift boat . A group of veteran who called themselves swifboat veterans for truth doged him. They challenged his rhetoric after his return.
While bush apealed to social conservitives and like minded people. He brought up 911 but ignored iraq except to link it with the overall war on terror.
Several minucipalities including in new Jersey and sanfransisco began isuing mariege lisence to same sex couples. While bush was not ready to band same sex mariege,he did promise not to aprove it on the federal level. While kery was uncomited,bush hinted that he might especially where howard deen whose favored it was currently an advisor to leader kerry.
The pols showed a close race. There was even talk that the nexr government might be a minority government . Neighboring canada currently had a minority government under liberal leader paul marton. Both sides hoped to capture a mojority government.
Ralph nader hoped to increase there seats. Currently they have seven seats. Not enough to be a designated party in the house. Nader tried to atract deen liberals. As it turns out naders party lost two seats. They got a smaler percentage of the popular vote.
The day after the election ,pm bush anounced that he had political capital now and intended to spend it. He wanted to privitize the social insurence program. He intended to introduce it in his first year but got side tracked. Could he get it done in his second mandate?
End of part 5

Pm bush part four

The congress of viena nations decided to lunch military action against the taliban and alqaida.
It took a mouth before ground operations began. Special forces began erlier. The information was leaked wirch irked pm bush and defense minister Rumsfeld.
In October the war began. The coilition hit from the air. Most of the ground force was from agthen rebelions a faction called the nouthern alience.
  At first there was a series of setback. There was fears of the colition getting boged down. The opisistion had a hard time crafting a message. If they suported the war and it went badly they would have to run against there own policy. If they oposed the war and it went well it could hurt there chances in the next election believed to be held in 04 or 05. The liberals did not have a perminent leader yet.
By the end of the year,the taliban fell. The country had falled into enemy hands. They had killed several high ranking alqaida leadera even Mohamed atef the number three. They failed to capture osama binladen.
  With the war in athganistan grinding to a hault,what was next? Us began to train philipine forces fighting abu sief a group afiliated with alqaida. They had kdnaped misonaries the bernums. Marton bernihm was later killed but gracia servived.
Even on 911,there was an atempt to link 911 to iraq. An oficial parlimentry inqury in 2005 found that iraq played no role in the attacks but iran did. The baker-robb commission concluded the same thing.
British prime minister tony blare and American pm george w bush both had bones to pick with iraq and its leader Saddam huisain.
While as opisistion leader,blare servived an asasination plot while visiting moroco. The gunman was a former member of the iraqi revolutionary gaurd. There was no evidence that he acted on the orders of Saddam.
While bush farther was targarted by sadam in qarait after losing reelection. Pm Clinton at the time did not do much in response.
There were rumors that England and america would invade iraq. Movement towards war seemed all the more likly.
The league of nations worked out a deal to have weapons inspectors. While bush wanted to go ahead with the invasion even with inspection. Bush already had use of force pased by the house and the senate but he decided not to go ahead at first.
Bush and blare had no intention of siting by and letting the inspection go froward. They saw it as staling.
In the spring of 03,the coilition forces witch included america and briten and several other contries invaded iraq. Canada,france,Germany who usually sided with the anglo powers oposed the war. Rusia and china also oposed the war. 
  The war in iraq began much the same as the agthgan war. The war seamed to be bodged down. The colition was able to overcome the stand off.
  The regime fell rather quickly. Members of the regime fled the capital of Baghdad. Long time spokesman tereq azeez surendered to the coilition. Chemical ali was declared to have been killed. That was retracted and he was later captured. Sadem two sons were killed in a gun battle in the sumer of o3. Sadem was captured in 2004. He was hung in 2006.
Pm bush gave a speach from an aircraft carier after landing in a tomkat. He anounced the end of combat operations. After the us ocupation tried to overthrow all vestures of sadem regime. An inaurgentcy began.
Bush pols numbers went down as did the tories. The liberals were devided. Acting leader of the opisistion joe liberman alowed his cacus to vote there conscience in the use of force vote but many voted yes.
Would the liberals be the anti war party or the do it better party. Would howard deen the former vermont premer who opossed the war lead the party or those who voted for it sutch as senator john kerry,joe liberman or john Edwards.

Pm bush part three

  Bush’s first task was to silect a cabinent. Dick chaney became his deputy prime minister. Usually it is a cerimonial role but chaney was very powerful at least in the early years.
Colin powel took foreign afars.donald Rumsfeld returned to the job he held during the government of p.m ford. Gale norten who was a deputy in interior under reagan took interior. He got liberal cabinent.minister mineta to crossover and become transport minister. Tommy tompson the former premer of wyisconsin did not Want health portfolio but acepted it.
Bush’s first prority was the budget. The liberals ran on thete budget. The gore budget saught to impose a carbon tax. They also wanted a social insurenvce lock box. Gore wanted a general service tax similar to canada and a harminized sales tax.
The bush budget scraped the gst and hst. They also perposed an across the bored tax cut and gave a stimulus check. He kept the lock box but it had a war time examption witch liberals objected to.
Many more moderate tories objected to the budget. Vermont senator jefords who was apointed by Reagan crossed the isle to the liberals. After quite a debate,the budget passed. The liberals went on tv,radio,any one that would listen. They waged a pr campaign calling it tac cuts for the wealthy. Gore had said he would be oppen to targarted tax cuts but not in the o1 budget.
Bush wanted to oppen up domastic drilling . He was able to get a bill pased to open up land in Alaska. Liberals critisized him as a shil for oil compinies.
Bush had been a domastic polixy pm. The only isue in foregn policy was a us plane that crashed in china. Bush was sliping in the polls.
In a pol in the sumer of 2001 showed the liberals ahead of the conservitives.
  In the fall of 2001, terrorist loyal to osama bin laden caried out several attcks. They flew a plane into the british embasy,flew another one into the defense ministery. Another plane was hijaked but crashed in pensivania before it hits its target.
Defense minister rumsfeld was in the building but was not injured in the attack. The British ambassador servived the attackt.he was evacuated to canada.
P.m bush was taken to a sicure underground section of number ten welington st.
While in the past,these actions were considered largle a law enforcement matter. From early on,bush and his government refered to this as an act of war. A war against who was the question ?
It was alquida that caried out the attacks but fighting a war agest terorist was problimetic. The war cabient recomended military operations target traning camps and the athgan government who was backing them,a group called the taliban.
The us and briten envocked article five of the congress of viana. The article said an attack on one is an attack on all. British tony blare was not interested in only taking out the taliban.blare had tried to get Clinton to help him take out in sadam in iraq in 1996 but Clinton wanted to be a peace time p.m. now was there chance. Could the case he made that warented use of force against iraq as part of the war on terror?

Pm bush part two

“Making of a prime minister”
After wining the leadership of the conservitive party,bush quickly resigned as premer of texas and went to philidalfia. He had to govern behind the veil sense he was no t an m.p.
On his first day he met with the tory cauckus,had a private meating with outgoing leader jack kept and even met with the prime minister.
Bush hired some well conected people to his staff. Karl rove became his chief stratigest. Rove was a key party insider. Rove would be come to known as bush’s brain and the architect.
Karen hughs who worked with him in the premeres office came with him to philly.  He also chose condaliza rice who had worked on national security isues for hia farther as his foregn policy advisor.
Once he was elected to the house,he took his seat and go to work. Many comented that he looked like a prime minister.
Bill Clinton continued to push for programs that invested in education and other programs.bush critisized these programs as being too coastly and prone to missmanagement. He was careful with his tone. He did want to be seen as anti education or anti the little guy.
In the sumer of 1998,terrorist linked to saudi born osama binladen attacked american embisies in kenya and Tanzania. In response,pm Clinton ordered targets in athgamistan and suden be hit. Inteligence said these were command and control facilities for the terorist group. As it terns out,one was an asprin factory.
In a heated exchange during prime minister’s questiones,bush acused Clinton of not having a clue when it comes to tatics. Clinton responded by saying “last time he checked,the new york mets did blow themselves up at sporting events”
In November of 1998, iraq kicked out weapons inspectors,they aslo tried to defy the no fly zone imposed on them after the gulf war in 1991. Great briten asked america to paticipate in bombing strikes on iraq. Clinton incisted this was not a war and did not ask for any vote in parliament. Bush was critical of this move. Bush said there should be a decleration of war.
The bombing was just a responce. There were no lasting consqiqances. Bush said that sadom hausien had to go. There was speculation that a prime minister bush would deal with sadom hauisein different then pm Clinton or even his farther.
While being leader of the opposition,bush comisoned a study on “fesibility of regime change in iraq” the author of that study was former minister of national defense dick chaney.
In spring of 1999,the congress of viena decided to deal with the situation in the balkens. After the colapse of the rusan empire,Yugoslavia split into several contries.  Serbian president slobidon Milosevic was acused of war crimes in the breakaway republic of Kosovo.
The congress of viena voted to send trops to Kosovo to protect the ethnic Albanians. As a member sate,america was asked to paticipate. Instead of a decleration of war,pm Clinton asked for parliamentry permission to send trops and orther forces.
Opposition leader bush was sceptical of the operation. He was opposed to the concept of nation building . He was also concerned about angering the russans and the chinese. He decided to sign on to the plan. He did express concern in a speach before parliament.
Bush was critical of the government ‘s administration of the conflict. The conflict came to an end when serbean forces agreed to pull out. The congress of viena took charge Kosovo.
Pm Clinton aproved of peace keeping forces to stay in the area.bush was highly critical of that move.
In 2000, bush was silent of the isue of cuben refuge elian Gonzales who the Clinton government had returned to be with his farther in cubba. New hampshire senator bob smith led the charge to have him remane in america. Many wanted smith to tone down his rhetoric.
Although bill Clinton was popular,a series of sex scandal dodged his government. Although in most parliamentry system pm can serve as long as they and the voters want. With the exception of p.m roosivelt,no pm had served for more then two mandates. Clinton decided that he would leave office in steptember of 2000.
During a leadership convention,deputy prime minister al gore defeated former senator bill Bradley for the leadership of the grits. On stemtember second ,al gore became prime minister.
There was speculation on when pm gore would call an election. While bush and the tories perpared for an election. They believed that this was there moment.
Bush asked dick chany now ceo of haliburton to return to politics.he decided to seak his old seat in Wyoming. He convinced colin powel to run for parliament from Virginia. He got donald Rumsfeld to return to politics as well.
The economy has been very good under bill Clinton. Clinton came to power due to the recession in 1992. He made the economy the key point of his 96 campaign. There were signs of an economic downturn. Even before the election was called,bush made the economy an isue.liberal suporters acused bush of talking down the economy.
  In November 16th ,prime minister gore asked governor general madaline Albright to disolve the government and call a new election.
Bush tried to form a coilition of voters similar to what ronald reagon had done. They campaigned hevily in the south.
A big hope was florida where his brother was premer. Jeb bush worked hard to gain seats for George.
Coming into the election,the two parties were neck and neck. Social liberterians were more likely to suport the liberals. As the world entered the new milenium there seamed to be an ideological shift to the left. There was also a resurgence of right wing especially in the south.
Bush who profesed to be an evengelical christian tried to apeal to evengelical voters. He also tried to moderate himself .he refered to himself as a compasionate tory.
Bush campaigned on tax reduction. He also wanted to privitize the social insurance program. Gore was critical of this.
The election seamed to be heading in the direction of the tories. The liberals were stil doing well in the cities.
On election night, the consertives won control of the house with a slight mojority. They won 40 percent of the vote.there was acusation of vote fraud in several rydings in florida. It even garnared protest.it would dog bush’s first mandate. 
Pm gore anounced that he would step down as leader of the liberal party. Joe liberman became interem opposition leader.
Bush was now prime minister.bush knew that it would be a long climb. Bush did not get the decisive victory he wanted. He was now in charge. He had a lot to prove.

Speaker gapgardt part three

In 1998,ricard gaphardt was man of the year for time magazine. He slowly became one of the most powerful people in the united states.
Could he hold on to the speakers gaval?  Gaphardt had a favorable pol rating tgehoughout 1999 And 20000. There were several seats that were held by republicans and seamed in play.
2000 Was a presidential election year. Though bill Clinton was stil popular ,there was Clinton fatigue. Al gore did not quite have the pizaz that his boss had. Could republicans cash in on george bush’s coatales?
The democrats fielded canidates in califonia and new york. Grass roots groups involved in isues sutch as gun control,pro chioce and climate change also went on the ofensive.
The republicans had problems of there own. Former speaker Gingrich was forced to step down as republican leader. His replacement, lousiana’s robert Livingston was quite efective, he was forced out after hustler magazine uncovered several scandals involving him. He was replaced by wrestling coach turned congressman dennis hastert. He was respected by hours republicans. Republican voters felt that he was the political reincarnation of bob micheals. George w. Bush tried to distence himself from congresional republicans and.especially the empeachment debacle.
Al gore argued the need for a democrativ congress to help get his agenda passed. He campagned for a patcients bill og rights,a perscription drug program,a social sicurity lock box, as well as reducing green house gass.
   Al gore ended up wining the presidentcy but barely. The results of the election was stalled due to reconts in florida. The supreme court in a five four decision declined to stop the recont. George bush finally conceded.
While the presidential race was close,the democratic victory was not. Democrats were able to put a final nail in the cofen of the 1994 republican revolution. Incumbents sutch as bryan bilbrey of California ,republican micheal forbes of new york even republican joe Scarborough of florida lost. Gaphardt was back.
  With the third democratic presidential mandate and a democratic congress,president gore hit the ground running. He formerly perposed the patcients bill of right and a persciption drug program. He tried to off set the rx program with targarted tax increase on top owners. It pleased deficit hawks, blue dog were not pleased with the tax increase.
The patcients bill of rights did pass with most democrats voting for it and a few republicans. This got the ire of grover norquest. The senate passed it but the vote was a lot closer. Senator McCain voted no even though he suported it in principle.
President gore signed the perscription drug bill and the bill of rights at the same time in an elaborate signing cerimony. Republicans depicted gore ans gapheardt as tax and spend liberals.
Not only did the honey moon between voters and the white house go shower,so did the honey  moon between the president and the speaker. The president perposed a carbon tax. It was aimed at top erners but after the perscription drug program,even some moderate to conservitive democrats were saying enough is enough.
Gaphardt tried to talk him out of it. The president got angery with him. He explaned to him that this is no ordinary emergentcy. The fate of the planet was literally in the balience. The president acused gapheardt of not being a true belever. At one point gaphardt threten to switch parties although it was an idle threat.
  Gaphardt decided to go ahead with the vote. Gaphardt was feeling the presure from all sides. Democratic representive vurgil good switched to republican as did ohio congresman tony hall and texas congressman ralph hall. Gapheardt got the bill passed. He was mentally and physically exchausted.
Democrats were becoming more and more unpopular. Republican were wining the generic balot in the sumer of 2001. Gapherdt himself considering leaving congress.
Then every thing changed. Terrorist aligned with ossama bin ladden hijacked several planes. Two hit the world trade center. Another hit the pentigon.a fouth crashed in pensivania. Republicans and democrats joined together. President gore targeted alquida camps in athganistan,somolia,sudan and philipines.
  It changed the nature of the presidentcy. Gore vowed to keep america safe. Democrats became very popular. Then politics came back. Republican asked for tax relief. Gore said we have to fight terorism,save the planet and save social security all at the same time. He declared that they could not aford it.
Republicans made tax relief a big isue. Democrats acused republican of puting the ritch above the little guy. On election day, democrats kept control of the house and senate.
Gaphardt remaned speaker. David boner ran for governor if Michigan. Nancy pilosi of sanfransisco replaced her. President gore wanted pilosi to replace him. Gore tried to get gaphardt to run for the senate or governor or acept a cabinent post. Gaphardt decided to stay on. Gore decided not to take him on.
The president continued to take on terrorist all over the world. He used multiple tools in his arsenal. He created the department of homeland sicurity. He apointed former general Wesley clark to the post.
While Howard deen the former governor of vermont who claimed to represent the democratic wing of the democratic party considered runing against gore in the primary in opodistion to his use of the military as a hit squared. Gore also feard gapheardt might jump in. Gaphardt was not interested.
Dean decided not to run for president. Gaphardt passed on it as well. Gore faced john mcain. McCain ran on doia better job in the war on terror. He even sugested invading iraq. He susjested that iraq may have helped plan 911 attacks.
Al gore won relection wining 49 percetof the vote. The democrats lost a few seats but kept control of the house. The senate was 50-50 but with the tie breaking vote by vice president bob ghram they basically had a mojority.
President gore really wanted nancy pilosi as speaker. Gore ofored him un ambassador but he declined. While he did not want to lose sec of sate holbrock ,he was wiling to sack him to get gaphardt out of the speakers chair.  gaphardt was not interested.
Pilosi did not want to challenge gaphardt but would if she had gore’s complete suport. Though gapheardt considered leaving any ways he did want to be taken out in a corps. Former president Clinton who did not like that gore was outshining him went on 60 minutes prasing gapheardt. While gore did not like his old boss mediling he dis not want an on air fued. He abandoned plans to take on gapgeardt.
     Gore wanted to extend the carbon tax. Gaphardt feared the democratic colition would implode. Gore was in legacy mode and wanted to be the environmentle president. Gapheardt perposed off setting the tax with the elimination of the esate tax for ten years. Gore knew the deficit hawks would rebel. Gore decided to back down al together.
Gore looked weak. Us got vicrories in the war on teror.then gore poparity plumited after whay seemed to be a poor responce to haricaine Katrina. Gore numbers went to an all time low. 
  Right before the election,senator john kery said if you don’t get a good education ,you might end up in somolia.
In the 2006 election , democrats lost control of the house. Even gapheardt himself lost his seat in st lois. Although in 2008, russ carnahan won it back for the democrats. Republican took control with tom delay the former pest exterminator as speaker.
Gapheardt was replaced by nancy pilosi. Gapheatdt was apounted ambassador to Germany wich he continued to be until the end of his term. He returned to st. Lois in 2008 but kept a low profile.

Speaker dick gapheadt

In 1992, demicratic governor bill clinton ended the 12 years of republican presidents when he defeated george hubert walker bush in 1992. After trying to pass a health care bill ,the voters gave republicans control of both houses of congress for the first time in forty years.
Bill Clinton,who was already called the come back kid was able to pin the blame on a government shutdown on the republicans. The republicans had a weak nomine in senator robert dole of kanas and Clinton was relected. The republicans retaned control of congress.
  Ever sense the early days of the Clinton administration,there has been an investigation into a scandal involving the failed white water investment. During the investigation, it was uncovered that president Clinton had an afair with intern monica Lewinsky.
  Republicans under house speaker newt gingrich decided to persue empechment against Clinton. The democrats argued that this was about sex and did not amount to a high crime and misdemeanor.
Democrats running in the 1998 midterms hoped to make it a key campaign isue. House democrats hoped that oppisition to empeachment would return them to the mojority and make Richard gapheardt of mosorie speaker of the house.
Gaphadt had represented the st. Lois area in congres sense the 70s. He was house mojority leader until 1994. Gaphardt replaced tom foley of Washington sate as leader of the democrats in the house.
Gaphardt worked hard to retake the house in 1998. He was able to convince congreswomen jane harmon to remane in the house and not run for governor of California. They were able to assemble other good canidates as well.
The democrats were able to depict republicans as obstructionest . They depicted them as power hungery people who cannot win elections so they try to use tools like impeachment.
At the same time there was a series of infighting in the republican leadership in the house. Newt gungrich was finding his leadership hanging by a thread.
The democrats were able to win enough seats to control a smal mojority in the house. Gapheadrt was now poised to become speaker.
Newt gungrich quickly anounced that he would be leaving the house and steping down as republican leader. Republican would stil be in charge of the lame duck congress.
There was still the matter of impeachment. Newt wanted to go ahead with the vote to empeach. Many wanted him to take it off the agenda.
Gapheardt had a meating with newt. In exchange for haulting the vote on empeachment,gaphardt would ask for a censure vote on the president during the lame duck congress. Newt agreed.
While president Clinton publicaly signed off on it,he was angery with gapheadt. He wanted republican to go ahead with impeachment. He beleved it would destroy the party for some time. Gapheardt did not want the matter to follow the new seision. Gaphardt wanted to vote on minimum wage increase and a middle class tax cut and low income economic stimulus pakege. The two had quite an argument witch both camps called a brawl.
Right before the vote on censure was to be taken,us and british forces hit Baghdad in what was called operation desert fox. Publicaly gaphardt said he wilingly postponed the vote. Years later it came up that he was angery with the timing. He privately refered to it as operation monica.
The censure vote was held. All but twenty democrats voted yes. On the air the president sounded concilitory. Behind the scenes Clinton tried to have gapheardt replaced but there was no apitite within the cuckus to replace him.
Finally the time had come to sware in Richard gapheartdt as speaker. Republican leader robert Livingston gave up the gaval to gapheardt. Gapheardt called for republicans ane democrats to work together for the good of all Americans.
To be continued.