Bush’s first task was to silect a cabinent. Dick chaney became his deputy prime minister. Usually it is a cerimonial role but chaney was very powerful at least in the early years.
Colin powel took foreign afars.donald Rumsfeld returned to the job he held during the government of p.m ford. Gale norten who was a deputy in interior under reagan took interior. He got liberal cabinent.minister mineta to crossover and become transport minister. Tommy tompson the former premer of wyisconsin did not Want health portfolio but acepted it.
Bush’s first prority was the budget. The liberals ran on thete budget. The gore budget saught to impose a carbon tax. They also wanted a social insurenvce lock box. Gore wanted a general service tax similar to canada and a harminized sales tax.
The bush budget scraped the gst and hst. They also perposed an across the bored tax cut and gave a stimulus check. He kept the lock box but it had a war time examption witch liberals objected to.
Many more moderate tories objected to the budget. Vermont senator jefords who was apointed by Reagan crossed the isle to the liberals. After quite a debate,the budget passed. The liberals went on tv,radio,any one that would listen. They waged a pr campaign calling it tac cuts for the wealthy. Gore had said he would be oppen to targarted tax cuts but not in the o1 budget.
Bush wanted to oppen up domastic drilling . He was able to get a bill pased to open up land in Alaska. Liberals critisized him as a shil for oil compinies.
Bush had been a domastic polixy pm. The only isue in foregn policy was a us plane that crashed in china. Bush was sliping in the polls.
In a pol in the sumer of 2001 showed the liberals ahead of the conservitives.
In the fall of 2001, terrorist loyal to osama bin laden caried out several attcks. They flew a plane into the british embasy,flew another one into the defense ministery. Another plane was hijaked but crashed in pensivania before it hits its target.
Defense minister rumsfeld was in the building but was not injured in the attack. The British ambassador servived the attackt.he was evacuated to canada.
P.m bush was taken to a sicure underground section of number ten welington st.
While in the past,these actions were considered largle a law enforcement matter. From early on,bush and his government refered to this as an act of war. A war against who was the question ?
It was alquida that caried out the attacks but fighting a war agest terorist was problimetic. The war cabient recomended military operations target traning camps and the athgan government who was backing them,a group called the taliban.
The us and briten envocked article five of the congress of viana. The article said an attack on one is an attack on all. British tony blare was not interested in only taking out the taliban.blare had tried to get Clinton to help him take out in sadam in iraq in 1996 but Clinton wanted to be a peace time p.m. now was there chance. Could the case he made that warented use of force against iraq as part of the war on terror?
“Making of a prime minister”
After wining the leadership of the conservitive party,bush quickly resigned as premer of texas and went to philidalfia. He had to govern behind the veil sense he was no t an m.p.
On his first day he met with the tory cauckus,had a private meating with outgoing leader jack kept and even met with the prime minister.
Bush hired some well conected people to his staff. Karl rove became his chief stratigest. Rove was a key party insider. Rove would be come to known as bush’s brain and the architect.
Karen hughs who worked with him in the premeres office came with him to philly. He also chose condaliza rice who had worked on national security isues for hia farther as his foregn policy advisor.
Once he was elected to the house,he took his seat and go to work. Many comented that he looked like a prime minister.
Bill Clinton continued to push for programs that invested in education and other programs.bush critisized these programs as being too coastly and prone to missmanagement. He was careful with his tone. He did want to be seen as anti education or anti the little guy.
In the sumer of 1998,terrorist linked to saudi born osama binladen attacked american embisies in kenya and Tanzania. In response,pm Clinton ordered targets in athgamistan and suden be hit. Inteligence said these were command and control facilities for the terorist group. As it terns out,one was an asprin factory.
In a heated exchange during prime minister’s questiones,bush acused Clinton of not having a clue when it comes to tatics. Clinton responded by saying “last time he checked,the new york mets did blow themselves up at sporting events”
In November of 1998, iraq kicked out weapons inspectors,they aslo tried to defy the no fly zone imposed on them after the gulf war in 1991. Great briten asked america to paticipate in bombing strikes on iraq. Clinton incisted this was not a war and did not ask for any vote in parliament. Bush was critical of this move. Bush said there should be a decleration of war.
The bombing was just a responce. There were no lasting consqiqances. Bush said that sadom hausien had to go. There was speculation that a prime minister bush would deal with sadom hauisein different then pm Clinton or even his farther.
While being leader of the opposition,bush comisoned a study on “fesibility of regime change in iraq” the author of that study was former minister of national defense dick chaney.
In spring of 1999,the congress of viena decided to deal with the situation in the balkens. After the colapse of the rusan empire,Yugoslavia split into several contries. Serbian president slobidon Milosevic was acused of war crimes in the breakaway republic of Kosovo.
The congress of viena voted to send trops to Kosovo to protect the ethnic Albanians. As a member sate,america was asked to paticipate. Instead of a decleration of war,pm Clinton asked for parliamentry permission to send trops and orther forces.
Opposition leader bush was sceptical of the operation. He was opposed to the concept of nation building . He was also concerned about angering the russans and the chinese. He decided to sign on to the plan. He did express concern in a speach before parliament.
Bush was critical of the government ‘s administration of the conflict. The conflict came to an end when serbean forces agreed to pull out. The congress of viena took charge Kosovo.
Pm Clinton aproved of peace keeping forces to stay in the area.bush was highly critical of that move.
In 2000, bush was silent of the isue of cuben refuge elian Gonzales who the Clinton government had returned to be with his farther in cubba. New hampshire senator bob smith led the charge to have him remane in america. Many wanted smith to tone down his rhetoric.
Although bill Clinton was popular,a series of sex scandal dodged his government. Although in most parliamentry system pm can serve as long as they and the voters want. With the exception of p.m roosivelt,no pm had served for more then two mandates. Clinton decided that he would leave office in steptember of 2000.
During a leadership convention,deputy prime minister al gore defeated former senator bill Bradley for the leadership of the grits. On stemtember second ,al gore became prime minister.
There was speculation on when pm gore would call an election. While bush and the tories perpared for an election. They believed that this was there moment.
Bush asked dick chany now ceo of haliburton to return to politics.he decided to seak his old seat in Wyoming. He convinced colin powel to run for parliament from Virginia. He got donald Rumsfeld to return to politics as well.
The economy has been very good under bill Clinton. Clinton came to power due to the recession in 1992. He made the economy the key point of his 96 campaign. There were signs of an economic downturn. Even before the election was called,bush made the economy an isue.liberal suporters acused bush of talking down the economy.
In November 16th ,prime minister gore asked governor general madaline Albright to disolve the government and call a new election.
Bush tried to form a coilition of voters similar to what ronald reagon had done. They campaigned hevily in the south.
A big hope was florida where his brother was premer. Jeb bush worked hard to gain seats for George.
Coming into the election,the two parties were neck and neck. Social liberterians were more likely to suport the liberals. As the world entered the new milenium there seamed to be an ideological shift to the left. There was also a resurgence of right wing especially in the south.
Bush who profesed to be an evengelical christian tried to apeal to evengelical voters. He also tried to moderate himself .he refered to himself as a compasionate tory.
Bush campaigned on tax reduction. He also wanted to privitize the social insurance program. Gore was critical of this.
The election seamed to be heading in the direction of the tories. The liberals were stil doing well in the cities.
On election night, the consertives won control of the house with a slight mojority. They won 40 percent of the vote.there was acusation of vote fraud in several rydings in florida. It even garnared protest.it would dog bush’s first mandate.
Pm gore anounced that he would step down as leader of the liberal party. Joe liberman became interem opposition leader.
Bush was now prime minister.bush knew that it would be a long climb. Bush did not get the decisive victory he wanted. He was now in charge. He had a lot to prove.
In 1998,ricard gaphardt was man of the year for time magazine. He slowly became one of the most powerful people in the united states.
Could he hold on to the speakers gaval? Gaphardt had a favorable pol rating tgehoughout 1999 And 20000. There were several seats that were held by republicans and seamed in play.
2000 Was a presidential election year. Though bill Clinton was stil popular ,there was Clinton fatigue. Al gore did not quite have the pizaz that his boss had. Could republicans cash in on george bush’s coatales?
The democrats fielded canidates in califonia and new york. Grass roots groups involved in isues sutch as gun control,pro chioce and climate change also went on the ofensive.
The republicans had problems of there own. Former speaker Gingrich was forced to step down as republican leader. His replacement, lousiana’s robert Livingston was quite efective, he was forced out after hustler magazine uncovered several scandals involving him. He was replaced by wrestling coach turned congressman dennis hastert. He was respected by hours republicans. Republican voters felt that he was the political reincarnation of bob micheals. George w. Bush tried to distence himself from congresional republicans and.especially the empeachment debacle.
Al gore argued the need for a democrativ congress to help get his agenda passed. He campagned for a patcients bill og rights,a perscription drug program,a social sicurity lock box, as well as reducing green house gass.
Al gore ended up wining the presidentcy but barely. The results of the election was stalled due to reconts in florida. The supreme court in a five four decision declined to stop the recont. George bush finally conceded.
While the presidential race was close,the democratic victory was not. Democrats were able to put a final nail in the cofen of the 1994 republican revolution. Incumbents sutch as bryan bilbrey of California ,republican micheal forbes of new york even republican joe Scarborough of florida lost. Gaphardt was back.
With the third democratic presidential mandate and a democratic congress,president gore hit the ground running. He formerly perposed the patcients bill of right and a persciption drug program. He tried to off set the rx program with targarted tax increase on top owners. It pleased deficit hawks, blue dog were not pleased with the tax increase.
The patcients bill of rights did pass with most democrats voting for it and a few republicans. This got the ire of grover norquest. The senate passed it but the vote was a lot closer. Senator McCain voted no even though he suported it in principle.
President gore signed the perscription drug bill and the bill of rights at the same time in an elaborate signing cerimony. Republicans depicted gore ans gapheardt as tax and spend liberals.
Not only did the honey moon between voters and the white house go shower,so did the honey moon between the president and the speaker. The president perposed a carbon tax. It was aimed at top erners but after the perscription drug program,even some moderate to conservitive democrats were saying enough is enough.
Gaphardt tried to talk him out of it. The president got angery with him. He explaned to him that this is no ordinary emergentcy. The fate of the planet was literally in the balience. The president acused gapheardt of not being a true belever. At one point gaphardt threten to switch parties although it was an idle threat.
Gaphardt decided to go ahead with the vote. Gaphardt was feeling the presure from all sides. Democratic representive vurgil good switched to republican as did ohio congresman tony hall and texas congressman ralph hall. Gapheardt got the bill passed. He was mentally and physically exchausted.
Democrats were becoming more and more unpopular. Republican were wining the generic balot in the sumer of 2001. Gapherdt himself considering leaving congress.
Then every thing changed. Terrorist aligned with ossama bin ladden hijacked several planes. Two hit the world trade center. Another hit the pentigon.a fouth crashed in pensivania. Republicans and democrats joined together. President gore targeted alquida camps in athganistan,somolia,sudan and philipines.
It changed the nature of the presidentcy. Gore vowed to keep america safe. Democrats became very popular. Then politics came back. Republican asked for tax relief. Gore said we have to fight terorism,save the planet and save social security all at the same time. He declared that they could not aford it.
Republicans made tax relief a big isue. Democrats acused republican of puting the ritch above the little guy. On election day, democrats kept control of the house and senate.
Gaphardt remaned speaker. David boner ran for governor if Michigan. Nancy pilosi of sanfransisco replaced her. President gore wanted pilosi to replace him. Gore tried to get gaphardt to run for the senate or governor or acept a cabinent post. Gaphardt decided to stay on. Gore decided not to take him on.
The president continued to take on terrorist all over the world. He used multiple tools in his arsenal. He created the department of homeland sicurity. He apointed former general Wesley clark to the post.
While Howard deen the former governor of vermont who claimed to represent the democratic wing of the democratic party considered runing against gore in the primary in opodistion to his use of the military as a hit squared. Gore also feard gapheardt might jump in. Gaphardt was not interested.
Dean decided not to run for president. Gaphardt passed on it as well. Gore faced john mcain. McCain ran on doia better job in the war on terror. He even sugested invading iraq. He susjested that iraq may have helped plan 911 attacks.
Al gore won relection wining 49 percetof the vote. The democrats lost a few seats but kept control of the house. The senate was 50-50 but with the tie breaking vote by vice president bob ghram they basically had a mojority.
President gore really wanted nancy pilosi as speaker. Gore ofored him un ambassador but he declined. While he did not want to lose sec of sate holbrock ,he was wiling to sack him to get gaphardt out of the speakers chair. gaphardt was not interested.
Pilosi did not want to challenge gaphardt but would if she had gore’s complete suport. Though gapheardt considered leaving any ways he did want to be taken out in a corps. Former president Clinton who did not like that gore was outshining him went on 60 minutes prasing gapheardt. While gore did not like his old boss mediling he dis not want an on air fued. He abandoned plans to take on gapgeardt.
Gore wanted to extend the carbon tax. Gaphardt feared the democratic colition would implode. Gore was in legacy mode and wanted to be the environmentle president. Gapheardt perposed off setting the tax with the elimination of the esate tax for ten years. Gore knew the deficit hawks would rebel. Gore decided to back down al together.
Gore looked weak. Us got vicrories in the war on teror.then gore poparity plumited after whay seemed to be a poor responce to haricaine Katrina. Gore numbers went to an all time low.
Right before the election,senator john kery said if you don’t get a good education ,you might end up in somolia.
In the 2006 election , democrats lost control of the house. Even gapheardt himself lost his seat in st lois. Although in 2008, russ carnahan won it back for the democrats. Republican took control with tom delay the former pest exterminator as speaker.
Gapheardt was replaced by nancy pilosi. Gapheatdt was apounted ambassador to Germany wich he continued to be until the end of his term. He returned to st. Lois in 2008 but kept a low profile.